Dyck, Anthony van
- (1599-1641)Anthony van Dyck was a child prodigy who by 14 was executing portraits for important patrons. The son of a prosperous cloth merchant from Flanders, van Dyck's career was overshadowed by that of Peter Paul Rubens, who some believe to have been his teacher. In fact, wherever van Dyck went, Rubens had already been. In 1621, he arrived in Italy where he had the opportunity to study the works of the Venetians, and particularly Titian. In the 1630s, he was in England, working as court painter to Charles I. When Rubens died in 1640, van Dyck went back to Antwerp hoping to take his place as head of the Flemish School. The archdukes of Flanders wrote to King Philip IV of Spain that van Dyck was arrogant and undependable, thereby ending his aspirations. There was reason for the archdukes to speak of the master in these terms. In Italy, he was called thepittore cavalieresco (cavalier painter) because of his many servants, expensive wardrobe, and refusal to associate with anyone in a lower social rank. In England, he entertained frequently and lavishly, excesses that may have hastened his death.In 1620, van Dyck painted the portrait Isabella Brant (Washington, National Gallery) of Rubens' first wife. Perhaps the work was intended as a gift for Rubens and Isabella prior to van Dyck's trip to Italy. The loose brushwork, choice of palette, elaborate costume, and red background drapery to emphasize the sitter are all Rubensian elements. The portraits Cardinal Bentivoglio (1622; Florence, Palazzo Pitti) and Elena Grimaldi (1625; Washington, National Gallery) van Dyck painted in Rome and Genoa respectively. The first shows the cardinal in deep thought after having read a letter. The second stresses the sitter's social standing as she is sumptuously dressed and accompanied by a slave boy who holds a parasol over her. In Sicily, van Dyck was commissioned to paint a series of works for the Oratory of the Rosary in Palermo, including the Madonna of the Rosary, to commemorate the recovery in 1624 of the remains of St. Rosalie. In England, he painted for Endymion Porter, a member of the royal court, one of his most admired works, Rinaldo and Armida (1629; Baltimore, Museum of Art), based on Tasso's Gerusalemme Liberata. Van Dyck's Lady Digby as Prudence (1633; London, National Portrait Gallery) also belongs to this period, as does Le Roi à la Chasse (Portrait of Charles I) (1635; Paris, Louvre), one of the most remarkable royal portraits ever rendered. Van Dyck revolutionized portrait painting in England. Before him, miniaturist Elizabethan portraiture was the norm and, though Paul van Somer, also from Antwerp, and the Dutch Daniel Mytens were in London in the second decade of the 17th century and brought their realistic mode to England, it was not until van Dyck entered the scene that English portraiture was finally infused with life.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
Anthony van Dyck — Van Dyck redirects here. For other uses, see Van Dyck (disambiguation). Self Portrait With a Sunflower showing the gold collar and medal King Charles I gave him in 1633. The sunflower may represent the king, or royal patronage. Sir Anthony van … Wikipedia
Anthony Van Dyck — Antoine van Dyck Antoon van Dyck Autoportrait Nom de naissance Antoon van Dyck Naissance 22 mars 1599 Anvers … Wikipédia en Français
Anthony van Dyck — Sir Anthonis van Dyck, Selbstporträt um 1630 Jugendliches Selbstporträt, um 1615 (Gemäldegalerie der Akademie der Bildenden Künste Wien) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Anthony van Dyck — Sir Anthony van Dyck (Amberes, 1599 Londres, 1641) Pintor flamenco. En el panorama del siglo XVII flamenco, Van Dyck es el pintor más destacado después de Rubens, con quien no rivalizó porque ambos artistas se movieron en campos distintos:… … Enciclopedia Universal
Anthony van Dyck — ➡ Dyck * * * … Universalium
Van Dyck, Anthony — (3/22/1599 Antwerp 12/9/1641 London) (Netherlands / England) Painter. Most important of Ruben s pupils. He became a major figure in the Baroque period in his own right, famous for his portraits. Among his mythological paintings are many which… … Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators
Anthony van Dyck — … Useful english dictionary
Van Dyck (disambiguation) — Van Dyck is a surname, and may refer to:* Anthony van Dyck (1599 1641), Flemish artist, or the van Dyck beard named after him * Cornelius Van Allen Van Dyck (1819 1895), American missionary * Edouard Van Dyck (1918 1977), Belgian professional… … Wikipedia
Dyck — is a surname, and may refer to: Anthony van Dyck (Flemish artist) Cornelius Van Allen Van Dyck (American missionary) Howard Dyck (Canadian conductor) Lillian Dyck (Canadian senator) Peter George Dyck (Canadian politician) Rand Dyck (Canadian… … Wikipedia
Dyck — [dɛi̯k], Sir (seit 1632) Anthonis van, flämischer Maler, * Antwerpen 22. 3. 1599, ✝ London 9. 12. 1641; kam nach der Lehre bei H. van Balen 1616 oder 1617 zu P. P. Rubens, in dessen Werkstatt er eine wichtige Stellung einnahm. 1620 stand er in… … Universal-Lexikon